Do you have to deal with unprecedented redness, roughness and scaly patches on your skin? Many factors can result in dry and red skin over one’s face. These factors may include, changes in temperature, use of harsh chemicals, undiagnosed skin conditions, or use of wrong products. In most cases, people can use home remedies to treat these skin conditions.
Our skin produces an oil called sebum. Sebum is responsible for the hydration and protection of skin cells from infections. If our skin produces excess oil, it can cause acne over the face. If the skin isn’t capable of producing enough sebum, it can leave the skin dry.
Similarly, skin redness could be a result of sunburn, allergies, rosacea or reaction to spicy food. While most skin conditions are curable and preventable, we might need medical support for some.
We are here to help you understand the various reasons that could cause redness, dryness and flaky skin.
Rosacea is a skin condition that usually impacts the face and is very commonly found in people with lighter skin tones. Although the cause of rosacea is unknown, there are successful treatments to control and prevent the triggers.
2. Reaction to spicy food and alcohol
Facial redness can be triggered if one is not adaptable to alcohol and spicy foods. Apart from these, cheese, hot drinks, caffeine and working out can also cause redness. This flushing is caused due to the lack of an enzyme. Spicy foods generate heat which causes the blood vessels to dilate. This dilation of vessels increases the blood flow to the face and makes it appear red.
Allergic reactions on the skin after coming in contact with a foreign substance is termed contact dermatitis. This reaction can cause itching and redness over the face. The use of fragrances, chemicals, soaps, hair dyes can result in dermatitis.
More commonly known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is a rash that makes the skin extremely dry and itchy. It usually appears suddenly and can affect the skin on the face and feet.
5. Medication reactions
Certain medications can cause an allergic reaction to the skin, making it red and itchy. Delay in seeking medical help and diagnosis can aggravate the severity of the reactions.
Exfoliating and scrubbing your skin frequently can cause red and itchy skin. The skin is prone to highly react on dry skin. If you develop itchy and red skin right after exfoliating, and if it lasts for more than 24 hours, you need to reduce the frequency of the process. You might want some treatment to soothe and hydrate the skin.
Shingle is a condition in which blister-like rashes appear all over the face. It is an infection that begins with a tingling sensation, mild redness and itching. It is advised to seek immediate medical help in case of shingles.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks its own body and forms a butterfly-shaped rash. This disease can cause a rash, redness, itching and swelling over the face and cheeks.
Often acne is a result of clogged pores due to excessive oil secretion. The skin can look red and itchy post a breakout.
Acne can also happen on dry and sensitive as a reaction to certain particles.
Inflammation can be caused due to a reaction, dermatitis or exposure to the harsh sun. This could look like red, patchy and dry skin.
Facial redness can flare up due to any of the aforementioned reasons.
How can you reduce redness on your face?
Here are a few ways to deal with the issue of redness on the face at home:
1. Honey or manuka honey
It of all types has been used globally to treat wounds, burns, and rashes and help skin healing. Honey has healing properties along with antimicrobial and antioxidant nature. This helps to regulate the skin’s immune system and promote tissue repair. It also is a naturally hydrating ingredient and helps retain moisture.
2. Green Tea
It is known for its brilliant properties of being an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substance. Green tea contains the most powerful antioxidant known as polyphenols, powerful antioxidant molecules that help treat acne. Green tea also helps in the protection of UV rays.
3. Aloe vera
Just like honey, Aloe Vera has been used for ages for its healing properties. Aloe Vera is a natural cooling agent that rejuvenates the skin and reduces itching. The organic components of Aloe vera promote regeneration of new skin and speed up the healing process. It has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral and antioxidant properties, which promote overall skin healing.
4. Cucumber Masks
The cooling qualities of cucumber are widely known. Applying cucumber slices or juice soothe any kind of burning, redness and reduces itching. Cucumbers are 95% water and offer tonnes of hydration. You just have to puree a cucumber and slather it on for a few minutes to use cucumber as a mask.
5. Switch to natural products
Certain topical ingredients can trigger irritation and redness. Substances like alcohol, menthol, camphor, witch hazel etc, should be avoided if they don’t suit your skin type. Whenever picking products for your skin, make sure they are hypoallergenic. These products are good for sensitive skin. They do not cause any allergy, reaction or redness on application.
6. Avoid trigger foods
Certain dietary choices can contribute to redness and allergic reactions. Most commonly, spicy foods and hot drinks are more likely to react to the skin. Apparently, this reaction is caused due to a chemical called capsaicin, and it affects the receptors in the skin that sense pain and warmth.
7. Limit alcohol
Alcohol is highly likely to cause redness on the face. All types of alcohol, including wine, beer, whiskey, vodka, rum etc are known to provoke flare-ups. Alcohol consumption also increases the risk of developing rosacea.
8. Switch to an anti-inflammatory diet
Incorporating anti-inflammatory foods into your diet can help mitigate symptoms of facial redness or any severe skin problem. You’ll need to limit sugar and avoid foods that are high on the glycemic index. You might want to switch to high fiber fruits, vegetables and food rich in vitamins A and E. This diet has been linked to the improvement of acne and reduction of facial redness caused due to it.
9. Cold-pack compressions
To deal with inflammation, sunburn or rosacea related redness use ice compression. This will provide relief by reducing the tenderness and irritation. Ice compressions will also reduce inflammation, burning sensations and soothe the skin.
10. Change in lifestyle
Based on your skin type and its requirements, you will have to make a few changes in your lifestyle. These changes might include: increasing water intake, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, quitting smoking, etc. you might also want to learn to manage and minimize stress levels. All of these factors contribute to overall body inflammation.
It is very important to observe your skin closely to keep allergies and reactions in check. It will take some time for you to figure out what works for your skin and what does not. There are a lot of changes that happen with time and age. Visit a dermatologist or a clinician to get a better understanding of your skin condition and get a treatment plan.